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Report on Hemp in NDPS Act 1985

The NDPS Act is a comprehensive legislation that aims to control and regulate the production, possession, sale, transport, and use of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances.


Hemp, scientifically known as Cannabis sativa L., is a plant that contains various cannabinoids, including tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). In the NDPS Act, hemp is specifically mentioned and classified under different schedules, determining its legal status and permissible uses.


Schedule I: Cannabis plant and its resin are listed under Schedule I, making them highly restricted substances. Any activity related to them, including cultivation, production, possession, and use, is strictly prohibited without a special license from the respective authorities.


Schedule II: The Act permits the use of cannabis seeds and leaves, excluding those separated from the flowering or fruiting tops, in the production of fiber and seeds. However, the THC content should be less than 0.3% to be considered legal.


Schedule III: Cannabis leaves and seeds with low THC content (less than 0.3%) are allowed for medical and scientific purposes. The cultivation, production, possession, and use for these purposes can be carried out under the specific provisions and licenses provided by the government.


Schedule IV: Preparations containing cannabis with THC content not exceeding 0.1% are included in this schedule. Such preparations are also subject to stringent regulations and can only be used for medicinal purposes.


It is important to note that any activity related to hemp, even if it falls within permissible schedules, requires proper authorization and licensing from the concerned authorities. The NDPS Act, being a stringent legislation, imposes strict penalties for unauthorized actions, including fines and imprisonment.



In conclusion, the NDPS Act of 1985 classifies hemp under various schedules, specifying what is allowed and what is not. The legal status of hemp and its derivatives varies depending on their THC content and intended use. For any activities involving hemp, it is crucial to adhere to the guidelines and obtain the necessary licenses to avoid legal repercussions.



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